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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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Ijlg            '                                    INDIAN CASTE.
la others. Thus, Mafliura Is a great centre of the stone-cutter's art; but the
men who practise It belong to different ranks, and have not adopted the distinc-
tive trade-name of sanff-tardtk, which seems to be recognized in Aligarh, Ha-
mfrpuiy and Kumaon. Again3 in every market town there are a number of
weighmen, who, no doubt, in each place have special guild regulations of their
own ; bat only in Banaras do they appear as a distinct caste, with the name of
palle-ddrs. So too at' Saharanpur some fruit-sellers—whose trade, it may be
presumed, has been encouraged by the large public garden at that station—have
separated themselves .from the common herd o£ ICunjrds, or ' costermongers,'
and decorated their small community with the Persian title of MewafarosL
As might be expected, this disintegration of society and adoption of a novel
nomenclature prevails most extensively among the lower orders, where the
associations connected with the old name that is discarded are of an unpleasant
nature. But even in the higher classes, where the generic title is one of
honour, it is frequently superseded in common parlance by one that is more dis-
tinctive; though it may be of less favourable import. Thus, among Brahmans
a BoLra sub-caste is in course of formation, and a Chaube of the Mathura
branch, when settled elsewhere, is invariably styled neither Brahman nor
Chaube, but Mathuriya. Illustrations might be multiplied indefinitely ; but
the few now cited are sufficient to prove how caste subdivisions are formed
in the present day, and to suggest how they originated in the first instance.